Meter calibration is accomplished by replacing the conductivity cell with NIST-traceable precision resistors (accurate to ±0.1% of the stated value) or an equivalently accurate adjustable resistance device, such as a Wheatstone Bridge, to give a predicted instrument response. Each scale on the meter may require separate calibration prior to use. The frequency of recalibration is a function of instrument design, degree of use, etc. However, because some multiple-scale instruments have a single calibration adjustment, recalibration may be required between each use of a different scale. The instrument must have a minimum resolution of 0.1 µS/cm*
on the lowest range. Excluding the cell accuracy, the instrument accuracy must be ±0.1 µS/cm.