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The term RS refers to a USP Reference Standard as stated under Reference Standards in these General Notices (see also USP Reference Standards 11 for a comprehensive discussion of reference materials).
The terms CS and TS refer to Colorimetric Solution and Test Solution, respectively (see under Reagents, Indicators, and Solutions). The term VS refers to Volumetric Solution as stated under Solutions in the General Notices.
The term PF refers to Pharmacopeial Forum, the journal of standards development and official compendia revision (see Pharmacopeial Forum in these General Notices).
Abbreviations for the names of many institutions, organizations, and publications are used for convenience throughout USP and NF. An alphabetized tabulation follows.
Abbreviation Institution, Organization, or Publication
AAMI Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation
ACS American Chemical Society
ANSI American National Standards Institute
AOAC AOAC International (formerly Association
of Official Analytical Chemists)
ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials
ATCC American Type Culture Collection
CAS Chemical Abstracts Service
CFR U.S. Code of Federal Regulations
EP European Pharmacopoeia
EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
FCC Food Chemicals Codex
FDA U.S. Food and Drug Administration
HIMA Health Industry Manufacturers Association
ISO International Organization for Standardization
IUPAC International Union of Pure and AppliedChemistry
JP Japanese Pharmacopoeia
NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology
USAN United States Adopted Names
WHO World Health Organization
Abbreviated Statements in Monographs— Incomplete sentences are employed in various portions of the monographs for directness and brevity. Where the limit tests are so abbreviated, it is to be understood that the chapter numbers (shown in angle brackets) designate the respective procedures to be followed, and that the values specified after the colon are the required limits.