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This procedure is provided for the purpose of determining the percentage of test material that is volatilized and driven off under the conditions specified. The procedure, as generally applied, is nondestructive to the substance under test; however, the substance may be converted to another form such as an anhydride.
Perform the test on finely powdered material, and break up lumps, if necessary, with the aid of a mortar and pestle before weighing the specimen. Weigh the specimen to be tested without further treatment, unless a preliminary drying at a lower temperature, or other special pretreatment, is specified in the individual monograph. Unless other equipment is designated in the individual monograph, conduct the ignition in a suitable muffle furnace or oven that is capable of maintaining a temperature within 25 of that required for the test, and use a suitable crucible, complete with cover, previously ignited for 1 hour at the temperature specified for the test, cooled in a desiccator, and accurately weighed.
Unless otherwise directed in the individual monograph, transfer to the tared crucible an accurately weighed quantity, in g, of the substance to be tested, about equal to that calculated by the formula:
10 / L,
in which L is the limit (or the mean value of the limits) for Loss on ignition, in percentage. Ignite the loaded uncovered crucible, and cover at the temperature (±25) and for the period of time designated in the individual monograph. Ignite for successive 1-hour periods where ignition to constant weight is indicated. Upon completion of each ignition, cover the crucible, and allow it to cool in a desiccator to room temperature before weighing.

Auxiliary Information—
Staff Liaison : Horacio Pappa, Ph.D.
Expert Committee : (GC05) General Chapters 05
USP29–NF24 Page 2704
Phone Number : 1-301-816-8319